As Angola heads for elections on 31 August, things are heating up. On 19 May UNITA held rallies around the country calling for a transparent electoral process. But reports of kidnappings and attacks on protest-organisers and those critical of government are becoming more frequent.
Some hope that these elections will open Angola up to real democracy. The oil-rich country has been ruled by dos Santos for 33 years but the oil wealth has yet to translate into change for the desperately poor majority. Angola suffered years and years of civil war, further complicated by the involvement of foreign powers like South Africa and Cuba, and is still battling to rebuild and de-mine.
Dos Santos, his wife and his daughter, Welwitchia, are all running in the elections.